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Chapter 13. Bibliography


The words of the wise are like goads, their collected sayings like firmly embedded nails--given by one Shepherd. Be warned, my son, of anything in addition to them. Of making many books there is no end, and much study wearies the body.

 Ecclesiastes 12:11-12 (NIV)

Note that there is a heavy emphasis on technical articles available on the web, since this is where most of this kind of technical information is available.

[Advosys 2000] Advosys Consulting (formerly named Webber Technical Services). Writing Secure Web Applications. http://advosys.ca/tips/web-security.html

[Al-Herbish 1999] Al-Herbish, Thamer. 1999. Secure Unix Programming FAQ. http://www.whitefang.com/sup.

[Aleph1 1996] Aleph1. November 8, 1996. ``Smashing The Stack For Fun And Profit''. Phrack Magazine. Issue 49, Article 14. http://www.phrack.com/search.phtml?view&article=p49-14 or alternatively http://www.2600.net/phrack/p49-14.html.

[Anonymous 1999] Anonymous. October 1999. Maximum Linux Security: A Hacker's Guide to Protecting Your Linux Server and Workstation Sams. ISBN: 0672316706.

[Anonymous 1998] Anonymous. September 1998. Maximum Security : A Hacker's Guide to Protecting Your Internet Site and Network. Sams. Second Edition. ISBN: 0672313413.

[Anonymous Phrack 2001] Anonymous. August 11, 2001. Once upon a free(). Phrack, Volume 0x0b, Issue 0x39, Phile #0x09 of 0x12. http://phrack.org/show.php?p=57&a=9

[AUSCERT 1996] Australian Computer Emergency Response Team (AUSCERT) and O'Reilly. May 23, 1996 (rev 3C). A Lab Engineers Check List for Writing Secure Unix Code. ftp://ftp.auscert.org.au/pub/auscert/papers/secure_programming_checklist

[Bach 1986] Bach, Maurice J. 1986. The Design of the Unix Operating System. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. ISBN 0-13-201799-7 025.

[Beattie 2002] Beattie, Steve, Seth Arnold, Crispin Cowan, Perry Wagle, Chris Wright, Adam Shostack. November 2002. Timing the Application of Security Patches for Optimal Uptime. 2002 LISA XVI, November 3-8, 2002, Philadelphia, PA.

[Bellovin 1989] Bellovin, Steven M. April 1989. "Security Problems in the TCP/IP Protocol Suite" Computer Communications Review 2:19, pp. 32-48. http://www.research.att.com/~smb/papers/ipext.pdf

[Bellovin 1994] Bellovin, Steven M. December 1994. Shifting the Odds -- Writing (More) Secure Software. Murray Hill, NJ: AT&T Research. http://www.research.att.com/~smb/talks

[Bishop 1996] Bishop, Matt. May 1996. ``UNIX Security: Security in Programming''. SANS '96. Washington DC (May 1996). http://olympus.cs.ucdavis.edu/~bishop/secprog.html

[Bishop 1997] Bishop, Matt. October 1997. ``Writing Safe Privileged Programs''. Network Security 1997 New Orleans, LA. http://olympus.cs.ucdavis.edu/~bishop/secprog.html

[Blaze 1996] Blaze, Matt, Whitfield Diffie, Ronald L. Rivest, Bruce Schneier, Tsutomu Shimomura, Eric Thompson, and Michael Wiener. January 1996. ``Minimal Key Lengths for Symmetric Ciphers to Provide Adequate Commercial Security: A Report by an Ad Hoc Group of Cryptographers and Computer Scientists.'' ftp://ftp.research.att.com/dist/mab/keylength.txt and ftp://ftp.research.att.com/dist/mab/keylength.ps.

[CC 1999] The Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation (CC). August 1999. Version 2.1. Technically identical to International Standard ISO/IEC 15408:1999. http://csrc.nist.gov/cc/ccv20/ccv2list.htm

[CERT 1998] Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) Coordination Center (CERT/CC). February 13, 1998. Sanitizing User-Supplied Data in CGI Scripts. CERT Advisory CA-97.25.CGI_metachar. http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-97.25.CGI_metachar.html.

[Cheswick 1994] Cheswick, William R. and Steven M. Bellovin. Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker. Full text at http://www.wilyhacker.com.

[Clowes 2001] Clowes, Shaun. 2001. ``A Study In Scarlet - Exploiting Common Vulnerabilities in PHP'' http://www.securereality.com.au/archives.html

[CMU 1998] Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). February 13, 1998 Version 1.4. ``How To Remove Meta-characters From User-Supplied Data In CGI Scripts''. ftp://ftp.cert.org/pub/tech_tips/cgi_metacharacters.

[Cowan 1999] Cowan, Crispin, Perry Wagle, Calton Pu, Steve Beattie, and Jonathan Walpole. ``Buffer Overflows: Attacks and Defenses for the Vulnerability of the Decade''. Proceedings of DARPA Information Survivability Conference and Expo (DISCEX), http://schafercorp-ballston.com/discex SANS 2000. http://www.sans.org/newlook/events/sans2000.htm. For a copy, see http://immunix.org/documentation.html.

[Cox 2000] Cox, Philip. March 30, 2001. Hardening Windows 2000. http://www.systemexperts.com/win2k/hardenW2K11.pdf.

[Dobbertin 1996]. Dobbertin, H. 1996. The Status of MD5 After a Recent Attack. RSA Laboratories' CryptoBytes. Vol. 2, No. 2.

[Felten 1997] Edward W. Felten, Dirk Balfanz, Drew Dean, and Dan S. Wallach. Web Spoofing: An Internet Con Game Technical Report 540-96 (revised Feb. 1997) Department of Computer Science, Princeton University http://www.cs.princeton.edu/sip/pub/spoofing.pdf

[Fenzi 1999] Fenzi, Kevin, and Dave Wrenski. April 25, 1999. Linux Security HOWTO. Version 1.0.2. http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Security-HOWTO.html

[FHS 1997] Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS 2.0). October 26, 1997. Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Group, edited by Daniel Quinlan. Version 2.0. http://www.pathname.com/fhs.

[Filipski 1986] Filipski, Alan and James Hanko. April 1986. ``Making Unix Secure.'' Byte (Magazine). Peterborough, NH: McGraw-Hill Inc. Vol. 11, No. 4. ISSN 0360-5280. pp. 113-128.

[Flake 2001] Flake, Havlar. Auditing Binaries for Security Vulnerabilities. http://www.blackhat.com/html/win-usa-01/win-usa-01-speakers.html.

[FOLDOC] Free On-Line Dictionary of Computing. http://foldoc.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/index.html.

[Forristal 2001] Forristal, Jeff, and Greg Shipley. January 8, 2001. Vulnerability Assessment Scanners. Network Computing. http://www.nwc.com/1201/1201f1b1.html

[FreeBSD 1999] FreeBSD, Inc. 1999. ``Secure Programming Guidelines''. FreeBSD Security Information. http://www.freebsd.org/security/security.html

[Friedl 1997] Friedl, Jeffrey E. F. 1997. Mastering Regular Expressions. O'Reilly. ISBN 1-56592-257-3.

[FSF 1998] Free Software Foundation. December 17, 1999. Overview of the GNU Project. http://www.gnu.ai.mit.edu/gnu/gnu-history.html

[FSF 1999] Free Software Foundation. January 11, 1999. The GNU C Library Reference Manual. Edition 0.08 DRAFT, for Version 2.1 Beta of the GNU C Library. Available at, for example, http://www.netppl.fi/~pp/glibc21/libc_toc.html

[Fu 2001] Fu, Kevin, Emil Sit, Kendra Smith, and Nick Feamster. August 2001. ``Dos and Don'ts of Client Authentication on the Web''. Proceedings of the 10th USENIX Security Symposium, Washington, D.C., August 2001. http://cookies.lcs.mit.edu/pubs/webauth.html.

[Gabrilovich 2002] Gabrilovich, Evgeniy, and Alex Gontmakher. February 2002. ``Inside Risks: The Homograph Attack''. Communications of the ACM. Volume 45, Number 2. Page 128.

[Galvin 1998a] Galvin, Peter. April 1998. ``Designing Secure Software''. Sunworld. http://www.sunworld.com/swol-04-1998/swol-04-security.html.

[Galvin 1998b] Galvin, Peter. August 1998. ``The Unix Secure Programming FAQ''. Sunworld. http://www.sunworld.com/sunworldonline/swol-08-1998/swol-08-security.html

[Garfinkel 1996] Garfinkel, Simson and Gene Spafford. April 1996. Practical UNIX & Internet Security, 2nd Edition. ISBN 1-56592-148-8. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/puis

[Garfinkle 1997] Garfinkle, Simson. August 8, 1997. 21 Rules for Writing Secure CGI Programs. http://webreview.com/wr/pub/97/08/08/bookshelf

[Gay 2000] Gay, Warren W. October 2000. Advanced Unix Programming. Indianapolis, Indiana: Sams Publishing. ISBN 0-67231-990-X.

[Geodsoft 2001] Geodsoft. February 7, 2001. Hardening OpenBSD Internet Servers. http://www.geodsoft.com/howto/harden.

[Graham 1999] Graham, Jeff. May 4, 1999. Security-Audit's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). http://lsap.org/faq.txt

[Gong 1999] Gong, Li. June 1999. Inside Java 2 Platform Security. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. ISBN 0-201-31000-7.

[Gundavaram Unknown] Gundavaram, Shishir, and Tom Christiansen. Date Unknown. Perl CGI Programming FAQ. http://language.perl.com/CPAN/doc/FAQs/cgi/perl-cgi-faq.html

[Hall 1999] Hall, Brian "Beej". Beej's Guide to Network Programming Using Internet Sockets. 13-Jan-1999. Version 1.5.5. http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~beej/guide/net

[Howard 2002] Howard, Michael and David LeBlanc. 2002. Writing Secure Code. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Press. ISBN 0-7356-1588-8.

[ISO 12207] International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 1995. Information technology -- Software life cycle processes ISO/IEC 12207:1995.

[ISO 13335] International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO/IEC TR 13335. Guidelines for the Management of IT Security (GMITS). Note that this is a five-part technical report (not a standard); see also ISO/IEC 17799:2000. It includes:

[ISO 17799] International Organization for Standardization (ISO). December 2000. Code of Practice for Information Security Management. ISO/IEC 17799:2000.

[ISO 9000] International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2000. Quality management systems - Fundamentals and vocabulary. ISO 9000:2000. See http://www.iso.ch/iso/en/iso9000-14000/iso9000/selection_use/iso9000family.html

[ISO 9001] International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2000. Quality management systems - Requirements ISO 9001:2000

[Jones 2000] Jones, Jennifer. October 30, 2000. ``Banking on Privacy''. InfoWorld, Volume 22, Issue 44. San Mateo, CA: International Data Group (IDG). pp. 1-12.

[Kelsey 1998] Kelsey, J., B. Schneier, D. Wagner, and C. Hall. March 1998. "Cryptanalytic Attacks on Pseudorandom Number Generators." Fast Software Encryption, Fifth International Workshop Proceedings (March 1998), Springer-Verlag, 1998, pp. 168-188. http://www.counterpane.com/pseudorandom_number.html.

[Kernighan 1988] Kernighan, Brian W., and Dennis M. Ritchie. 1988. The C Programming Language. Second Edition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-110362-8.

[Kim 1996] Kim, Eugene Eric. 1996. CGI Developer's Guide. SAMS.net Publishing. ISBN: 1-57521-087-8 http://www.eekim.com/pubs/cgibook

Kolsek [2002] Kolsek, Mitja. December 2002. Session Fixation Vulnerability in Web-based Applications http://www.acros.si/papers/session_fixation.pdf.

[Kuchling 2000]. Kuchling, A.M. 2000. Restricted Execution HOWTO. http://www.python.org/doc/howto/rexec/rexec.html

[Kuhn 2002] Kuhn, Markus G. Optical Time-Domain Eavesdropping Risks of CRT displays. Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, Oakland, CA, May 12-15, 2002. http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/ieee02-optical.pdf

[LSD 2001] The Last Stage of Delirium. July 4, 2001. UNIX Assembly Codes Development for Vulnerabilities Illustration Purposes. http://lsd-pl.net/papers.html#assembly.

[McClure 1999] McClure, Stuart, Joel Scambray, and George Kurtz. 1999. Hacking Exposed: Network Security Secrets and Solutions. Berkeley, CA: Osbourne/McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-212127-0.

[McKusick 1999] McKusick, Marshall Kirk. January 1999. ``Twenty Years of Berkeley Unix: From AT&T-Owned to Freely Redistributable.'' Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution. http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/kirkmck.html.

[McGraw 1999] McGraw, Gary, and Edward W. Felten. December 1998. Twelve Rules for developing more secure Java code. Javaworld. http://www.javaworld.com/javaworld/jw-12-1998/jw-12-securityrules.html.

[McGraw 1999] McGraw, Gary, and Edward W. Felten. January 25, 1999. Securing Java: Getting Down to Business with Mobile Code, 2nd Edition John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 047131952X. http://www.securingjava.com.

[McGraw 2000a] McGraw, Gary and John Viega. March 1, 2000. Make Your Software Behave: Learning the Basics of Buffer Overflows. http://www-4.ibm.com/software/developer/library/overflows/index.html.

[McGraw 2000b] McGraw, Gary and John Viega. April 18, 2000. Make Your Software Behave: Software strategies In the absence of hardware, you can devise a reasonably secure random number generator through software. http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/library/randomsoft/index.html?dwzone=security.

[Miller 1995] Miller, Barton P., David Koski, Cjin Pheow Lee, Vivekananda Maganty, Ravi Murthy, Ajitkumar Natarajan, and Jeff Steidl. 1995. Fuzz Revisited: A Re-examination of the Reliability of UNIX Utilities and Services. ftp://grilled.cs.wisc.edu/technical_papers/fuzz-revisited.pdf.

[Miller 1999] Miller, Todd C. and Theo de Raadt. ``strlcpy and strlcat -- Consistent, Safe, String Copy and Concatenation'' Proceedings of Usenix '99. http://www.usenix.org/events/usenix99/millert.html and http://www.usenix.org/events/usenix99/full_papers/millert/PACKING_LIST

[Mookhey 2002] Mookhey, K. K. The Unix Auditor's Practical Handbook. http://www.nii.co.in/tuaph.html.

[Mudge 1995] Mudge. October 20, 1995. How to write Buffer Overflows. l0pht advisories. http://www.l0pht.com/advisories/bufero.html.

[Murhammer 1998] Murhammer, Martin W., Orcun Atakan, Stefan Bretz, Larry R. Pugh, Kazunari Suzuki, and David H. Wood. October 1998. TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview IBM International Technical Support Organization. http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/pubs/pdfs/redbooks/gg243376.pdf

[NCSA] NCSA Secure Programming Guidelines. http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Grid/ACES/security/programming.

[Neumann 2000] Neumann, Peter. 2000. "Robust Nonproprietary Software." Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (the ``Oakland Conference''), May 14-17, 2000, Berkeley, CA. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society. pp.122-123.

[NSA 2000] National Security Agency (NSA). September 2000. Information Assurance Technical Framework (IATF). http://www.iatf.net.

[Open Group 1997] The Open Group. 1997. Single UNIX Specification, Version 2 (UNIX 98). http://www.opengroup.org/online-pubs?DOC=007908799.

[OSI 1999] Open Source Initiative. 1999. The Open Source Definition. http://www.opensource.org/osd.html.

[Opplinger 1998] Oppliger, Rolf. 1998. Internet and Intranet Security. Norwood, MA: Artech House. ISBN 0-89006-829-1.

[Paulk 1993a] Mark C. Paulk, Bill Curtis, Mary Beth Chrissis, and Charles V. Weber. Capability Maturity Model for Software, Version 1.1. Software Engineering Institute, CMU/SEI-93-TR-24. DTIC Number ADA263403, February 1993. http://www.sei.cmu.edu/activities/cmm/obtain.cmm.html.

[Paulk 1993b] Mark C. Paulk, Charles V. Weber, Suzanne M. Garcia, Mary Beth Chrissis, and Marilyn W. Bush. Key Practices of the Capability Maturity Model, Version 1.1. Software Engineering Institute. CMU/SEI-93-TR-25, DTIC Number ADA263432, February 1993.

[Peteanu 2000] Peteanu, Razvan. July 18, 2000. Best Practices for Secure Web Development. http://members.home.net/razvan.peteanu

[Pfleeger 1997] Pfleeger, Charles P. 1997. Security in Computing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall PTR. ISBN 0-13-337486-6.

[Phillips 1995] Phillips, Paul. September 3, 1995. Safe CGI Programming. http://www.go2net.com/people/paulp/cgi-security/safe-cgi.txt

[Quintero 1999] Quintero, Federico Mena, Miguel de Icaza, and Morten Welinder GNOME Programming Guidelines http://developer.gnome.org/doc/guides/programming-guidelines/book1.html

[Raymond 1997] Raymond, Eric. 1997. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar

[Raymond 1998] Raymond, Eric. April 1998. Homesteading the Noosphere. http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/homesteading/homesteading.html

[Ranum 1998] Ranum, Marcus J. 1998. Security-critical coding for programmers - a C and UNIX-centric full-day tutorial. http://www.clark.net/pub/mjr/pubs/pdf/.

[RFC 822] August 13, 1982 Standard for the Format of ARPA Internet Text Messages. IETF RFC 822. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc0822.txt.

[rfp 1999] rain.forest.puppy. 1999. ``Perl CGI problems''. Phrack Magazine. Issue 55, Article 07. http://www.phrack.com/search.phtml?view&article=p55-7 or http://www.insecure.org/news/P55-07.txt.

[Rijmen 2000] Rijmen, Vincent. "LinuxSecurity.com Speaks With AES Winner". http://www.linuxsecurity.com/feature_stories/interview-aes-3.html.

[Rochkind 1985]. Rochkind, Marc J. Advanced Unix Programming. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. ISBN 0-13-011818-4.

[Sahu 2002] Sahu, Bijaya Nanda, Srinivasan S. Muthuswamy, Satya Nanaji Rao Mallampalli, and Venkata R. Bonam. July 2002 ``Is your Java code secure -- or exposed? Build safer applications now to avoid trouble later'' http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/java/library/j-staticsec.html?loc=dwmain

[St. Laurent 2000] St. Laurent, Simon. February 2000. XTech 2000 Conference Reports. ``When XML Gets Ugly''. http://www.xml.com/pub/2000/02/xtech/megginson.html.

[Saltzer 1974] Saltzer, J. July 1974. ``Protection and the Control of Information Sharing in MULTICS''. Communications of the ACM. v17 n7. pp. 388-402.

[Saltzer 1975] Saltzer, J., and M. Schroeder. September 1975. ``The Protection of Information in Computing Systems''. Proceedings of the IEEE. v63 n9. pp. 1278-1308. http://www.mediacity.com/~norm/CapTheory/ProtInf. Summarized in [Pfleeger 1997, 286].

[Schneider 2000] Schneider, Fred B. 2000. "Open Source in Security: Visting the Bizarre." Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (the ``Oakland Conference''), May 14-17, 2000, Berkeley, CA. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society. pp.126-127.

[Schneier 1996] Schneier, Bruce. 1996. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C. New York: John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0-471-12845-7.

[Schneier 1998] Schneier, Bruce and Mudge. November 1998. Cryptanalysis of Microsoft's Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) Proceedings of the 5th ACM Conference on Communications and Computer Security, ACM Press. http://www.counterpane.com/pptp.html.

[Schneier 1999] Schneier, Bruce. September 15, 1999. ``Open Source and Security''. Crypto-Gram. Counterpane Internet Security, Inc. http://www.counterpane.com/crypto-gram-9909.html

[Seifried 1999] Seifried, Kurt. October 9, 1999. Linux Administrator's Security Guide. http://www.securityportal.com/lasg.

[Seifried 2001] Seifried, Kurt. September 2, 2001. WWW Authentication http://www.seifried.org/security/www-auth/index.html.

[Shankland 2000] Shankland, Stephen. ``Linux poses increasing threat to Windows 2000''. CNET. http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1003-200-1549312.html

[Shostack 1999] Shostack, Adam. June 1, 1999. Security Code Review Guidelines. http://www.homeport.org/~adam/review.html.

[Sibert 1996] Sibert, W. Olin. Malicious Data and Computer Security. (NIST) NISSC '96. http://www.fish.com/security/maldata.html

[Sitaker 1999] Sitaker, Kragen. Feb 26, 1999. How to Find Security Holes http://www.pobox.com/~kragen/security-holes.html and http://www.dnaco.net/~kragen/security-holes.html

[SSE-CMM 1999] SSE-CMM Project. April 1999. Systems Security Engineering Capability Maturity Model (SSE CMM) Model Description Document. Version 2.0. http://www.sse-cmm.org

[Stallings 1996] Stallings, William. Practical Cryptography for Data Internetworks. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press. ISBN 0-8186-7140-8.

[Stein 1999]. Stein, Lincoln D. September 13, 1999. The World Wide Web Security FAQ. Version 2.0.1 http://www.w3.org/Security/Faq/www-security-faq.html

[Swan 2001] Swan, Daniel. January 6, 2001. comp.os.linux.security FAQ. Version 1.0. http://www.linuxsecurity.com/docs/colsfaq.html.

[Swanson 1996] Swanson, Marianne, and Barbara Guttman. September 1996. Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems. NIST Computer Security Special Publication (SP) 800-14. http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/index.html.

[Thompson 1974] Thompson, K. and D.M. Richie. July 1974. ``The UNIX Time-Sharing System''. Communications of the ACM Vol. 17, No. 7. pp. 365-375.

[Torvalds 1999] Torvalds, Linus. February 1999. ``The Story of the Linux Kernel''. Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution. Edited by Chris Dibona, Mark Stone, and Sam Ockman. O'Reilly and Associates. ISBN 1565925823. http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/linus.html

[TruSecure 2001] TruSecure. August 2001. Open Source Security: A Look at the Security Benefits of Source Code Access. http://www.trusecure.com/html/tspub/whitepapers/open_source_security5.pdf

[Unknown] SETUID(7) http://www.homeport.org/~adam/setuid.7.html.

[Van Biesbrouck 1996] Van Biesbrouck, Michael. April 19, 1996. http://www.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/u/mlvanbie/cgisec.

[van Oorschot 1994] van Oorschot, P. and M. Wiener. November 1994. ``Parallel Collision Search with Applications to Hash Functions and Discrete Logarithms.'' Proceedings of ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security.

[Venema 1996] Venema, Wietse. 1996. Murphy's law and computer security. http://www.fish.com/security/murphy.html

[Viega 2002] Viega, John, and Gary McGraw. 2002. Building Secure Software. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0201-72152-X.

[Watters 1996] Watters, Arron, Guido van Rossum, James C. Ahlstrom. 1996. Internet Programming with Python. NY, NY: Henry Hold and Company, Inc.

[Wheeler 1996] Wheeler, David A., Bill Brykczynski, and Reginald N. Meeson, Jr. Software Inspection: An Industry Best Practice. 1996. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press. IEEE Copmuter Society Press Order Number BP07340. Library of Congress Number 95-41054. ISBN 0-8186-7340-0.

[Witten 2001] September/October 2001. Witten, Brian, Carl Landwehr, and Michael Caloyannides. ``Does Open Source Improve System Security?'' IEEE Software. pp. 57-61. http://www.computer.org/software

[Wood 1985] Wood, Patrick H. and Stephen G. Kochan. 1985. Unix System Security. Indianapolis, Indiana: Hayden Books. ISBN 0-8104-6267-2.

[Wreski 1998] Wreski, Dave. August 22, 1998. Linux Security Administrator's Guide. Version 0.98. http://www.nic.com/~dave/SecurityAdminGuide/index.html

[Yoder 1998] Yoder, Joseph and Jeffrey Barcalow. 1998. Architectural Patterns for Enabling Application Security. PLoP '97 http://st-www.cs.uiuc.edu/~hanmer/PLoP-97/Proceedings/yoder.pdf

[Zalewski 2001] Zalewski, Michael. May 16-17, 2001. Delivering Signals for Fun and Profit: Understanding, exploiting and preventing signal-handling related vulnerabilities. Bindview Corporation. http://razor.bindview.com/publish/papers/signals.txt

[Zoebelein 1999] Zoebelein, Hans U. April 1999. The Internet Operating System Counter. http://www.leb.net/hzo/ioscount.