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Chapter 40. Portability

Jelmer R. Vernooij

The Samba Team

John H. Terpstra

Samba Team

Table of Contents

HPUX
SCO UNIX
DNIX
Red Hat Linux
AIX
Sequential Read Ahead
Solaris
Locking Improvements
Winbind on Solaris 9

Samba works on a wide range of platforms but the interface all the platforms provide is not always compatible. This chapter contains platform-specific information about compiling and using Samba.

HPUX

HP's implementation of supplementary groups is non-standard (for historical reasons). There are two group files, /etc/group and /etc/logingroup; the system maps UIDs to numbers using the former, but initgroups() reads the latter. Most system Admins who know the ropes symlink /etc/group to /etc/logingroup (hard link does not work for reasons too obtuse to go into here). initgroups() will complain if one of the groups you're in in /etc/logingroup has what it considers to be an invalid ID, which means outside the range [0..UID_MAX], where UID_MAX is (I think) 60000 currently on HP-UX. This precludes -2 and 65534, the usual nobody GIDs.

If you encounter this problem, make sure the programs that are failing to initgroups() are run as users, not in any groups with GIDs outside the allowed range.

This is documented in the HP manual pages under setgroups(2) and passwd(4).

On HP-UX you must use gcc or the HP ANSI compiler. The free compiler that comes with HP-UX is not ANSI compliant and cannot compile Samba.

SCO UNIX

If you run an old version of SCO UNIX, you may need to get important TCP/IP patches for Samba to work correctly. Without the patch, you may encounter corrupt data transfers using Samba.

The patch you need is UOD385 Connection Drivers SLS. It is available from SCO (ftp.sco.com, directory SLS, files uod385a.Z and uod385a.ltr.Z).

The information provided here refers to an old version of SCO UNIX. If you require binaries for more recent SCO UNIX products, please contact SCO to obtain packages that are ready to install. You should also verify with SCO that your platform is up-to-date for the binary packages you will install. This is important if you wish to avoid data corruption problems with your installation. To build Samba for SCO UNIX products may require significant patching of Samba source code. It is much easier to obtain binary packages directly from SCO.

DNIX

DNIX has a problem with seteuid() and setegid(). These routines are needed for Samba to work correctly, but they were left out of the DNIX C library for some reason.

For this reason Samba by default defines the macro NO_EID in the DNIX section of includes.h. This works around the problem in a limited way, but it is far from ideal, and some things still will not work right.

To fix the problem properly, you need to assemble the following two functions and then either add them to your C library or link them into Samba. Put the following in the file setegid.s:

        .globl  _setegid
_setegid:
        moveq   #47,d0
        movl    #100,a0
        moveq   #1,d1
        movl    4(sp),a1
        trap    #9
        bccs    1$
        jmp     cerror
1$:
        clrl    d0
        rts

Put this in the file seteuid.s:

        .globl  _seteuid
_seteuid:
        moveq   #47,d0
        movl    #100,a0
        moveq   #0,d1
        movl    4(sp),a1
        trap    #9
        bccs    1$
        jmp     cerror
1$:
        clrl    d0
        rts

After creating the above files, you then assemble them using

$ as seteuid.s
$ as setegid.s

that should produce the files seteuid.o and setegid.o

Then you need to add these to the LIBSM line in the DNIX section of the Samba Makefile. Your LIBSM line will then look something like this:

LIBSM = setegid.o seteuid.o -ln

You should then remove the line:

#define NO_EID

from the DNIX section of includes.h.

Red Hat Linux

By default during installation, some versions of Red Hat Linux add an entry to /etc/hosts as follows:

	127.0.0.1 loopback "hostname"."domainname"

This causes Samba to loop back onto the loopback interface. The result is that Samba fails to communicate correctly with the world and therefore may fail to correctly negotiate who is the master browse list holder and who is the master browser.

Corrective Action: Delete the entry after the word "loopback" in the line starting 127.0.0.1.

AIX

Sequential Read Ahead

Disabling Sequential Read Ahead using vmtune -r 0 improves Samba performance significantly.

Solaris

Locking Improvements

Some people have been experiencing problems with F_SETLKW64/fcntl when running Samba on Solaris. The built-in file locking mechanism was not scalable. Performance would degrade to the point where processes would get into loops of trying to lock a file. It would try a lock, then fail, then try again. The lock attempt was failing before the grant was occurring. So the visible manifestation of this would be a handful of processes stealing all of the CPU, and when they were truss-ed they would be stuck if F_SETLKW64 loops.

Sun released patches for Solaris 2.6, 8, and 9. The patch for Solaris 7 has not been released yet.

The patch revision for 2.6 is 105181-34, for 8 is 108528-19 and for 9 is 112233-04.

After the install of these patches, it is recommended to reconfigure and rebuild Samba.

Thanks to Joe Meslovich for reporting this.

Winbind on Solaris 9

Nsswitch on Solaris 9 refuses to use the Winbind NSS module. This behavior is fixed by Sun in patch 112960-14.