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指令速查 - Apache HTTP服务器 << Back to man.ChinaUnix.net

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Apache主站 > HTTP服务器 > 文档 > 2.0版本 > 模块索引

指令速查

指令速查列出了每个Apache配置指令的用法、缺省值、状态和位置。
更详细的说明可以查阅 指令字典.

第一列是指令的名称和用法;
第二列是指令的缺省值(如果存在),如果很长写不下,则后面跟有"+"表示截断.
第三和第四列是指令允许出现的位置和状态,其中缩略语有如下表;

 A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  X 
sserver config
vvirtual host
ddirectory
h.htaccess
CCore
MMPM
BBase
EExtension
XExperimental
AcceptMutex Default|method Default sM
Method that Apache uses to serialize multiple children accepting requests on network sockets
AcceptPathInfo On|Off|Default Default svdh
接受附加路径名信息
AccessFileName 文件名 [文件名] ... .htaccess sv
发布配置文件名
Action action-type cgi-scriptsvdhB
对特定的处理器或是内容类型激活一个CGI脚本
AddAlt string file [file] ...svdhB
Alternate text to display for a file, instead of an icon selected by filename
AddAltByEncoding string MIME-encoding [MIME-encoding] ...svdhB
Alternate text to display for a file instead of an icon selected by MIME-encoding
AddAltByType string MIME-type [MIME-type] ...svdhB
Alternate text to display for a file, instead of an icon selected by MIME content-type
AddCharset charset extension [extension] ...svdhB
在给定的文件扩展名与内容字符集之间建立映射
AddDefaultCharset On|Off|字符集 Off svdh
在没有进行指定字符集的情况下向回应中加入的默认字符集
AddDescription string file [file] ...svdhB
Description to display for a file
AddEncoding MIME-enc extension [extension] ...svdhB
在文件扩展名与特定的编码方式间建立映射关系
AddHandler handler-name extension [extension] ...svdhB
在文件扩展名与特定的处理器间建立映射
AddIcon icon name [name] ...svdhB
Icon to display for a file selected by name
AddIconByEncoding icon MIME-encoding [MIME-encoding] ...svdhB
Icon to display next to files selected by MIME content-encoding
AddIconByType icon MIME-type [MIME-type] ...svdhB
Icon to display next to files selected by MIME content-type
AddInputFilter filter[;filter...] extension [extension] ...svdhB
在文件扩展名与处理客户请求的输入过滤器间建立映射
AddLanguage MIME-lang extension [extension] ...svdhB
在文件扩展名与特定的内容语言间建立映射
AddModuleInfo module-name stringsvE
为server-info处理器的显示增加额外的信息
AddOutputFilter filter[;filter...] extension [extension] ...svdhB
在文件扩展名与处理从服务端返回信息的输出过滤器间建立映射关系
AddOutputFilterByType 过滤器[;过滤器...] MIME类型 [MIME类型] ...svdh
对特定的MIME类型指定输出过滤器
AddType MIME-type extension [extension] ...svdhB
在给定的文件扩展名与特定的内容类型间建立映射
Alias URL-path file-path|directory-pathsvB
映射URL到文件系统的特定区域
AliasMatch regex file-path|directory-pathsvB
使用正则表达式映射URL到文件系统
Allow from all|host|env=env-variable [host|env=env-variable] ...dhB
控制哪些主机能够访问服务器的一个区域
AllowCONNECT port [port] ... 443 563 svE
Ports that are allowed to CONNECT through the proxy
AllowOverride All|None|指令类型 [指令类型] ... All d
允许存在于.htaccess文件中的指令类型
Anonymous user [user] ...dhE
Specifies userIDs that areallowed access without password verification
Anonymous_Authoritative On|Off Off dhE
Configures if authorization will fall-through to other methods
Anonymous_LogEmail On|Off On dhE
Sets whether the password entered will be logged in the error log
Anonymous_MustGiveEmail On|Off On dhE
Specifies whether blank passwords are allowed
Anonymous_NoUserID On|Off Off dhE
Sets whether the userID field may be empty
Anonymous_VerifyEmail On|Off Off dhE
Sets whether to check the password field for a correctly formatted email address
AssignUserID user-id group-idvM
Tie a virtual host to a user and group ID
AuthAuthoritative On|Off On dhB
Sets whether authorization and authentication are passed to lower level modules
AuthDBMAuthoritative On|Off On dhE
Sets whether authentication and authorization will be passwed on to lower level modules
AuthDBMGroupFile file-pathdhE
Sets the name of the database file containing the list of user groups for authentication
AuthDBMType default|SDBM|GDBM|NDBM|DB default dhE
Sets the type of database file that is used to store passwords
AuthDBMUserFile file-pathdhE
Sets thename of a database file containing the list of users and passwords for authentication
AuthDigestAlgorithm MD5|MD5-sess MD5 dhX
Selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hases in digest authentication
AuthDigestDomain URI [URI] ...dhX
URIs that are in the same protection space for digest authentication
AuthDigestFile file-pathdhX
Location of the text file containing the list of users and encoded passwords for digest authentication
AuthDigestGroupFile file-pathdhX
Name of the text file containing the list of groups for digest authentication
AuthDigestNcCheck On|Off Off sX
Enables or disables checking of the nonce-count sent by the server
AuthDigestNonceFormat formatdhX
Determines how the nonce is generated
AuthDigestNonceLifetime seconds 300 dhX
How long the server nonce is valid
AuthDigestQop none|auth|auth-int [auth|auth-int] auth dhX
Determines the quality-of-protection to use in digest authentication
AuthDigestShmemSize size 1000 sX
The amount of shared memory to allocate for keeping track of clients
AuthGroupFile 文件路径dhB
指令设定一个文本文件的名称,这个文本文件包含用来执行用户认证的用户组列表
AuthLDAPAuthoritative on|off on dhX
Prevent other authentication modules from authenticating the user if this one fails
AuthLDAPBindDN distinguished-namedhX
Optional DN to use in binding to the LDAP server
AuthLDAPBindPassword passworddhX
Password used in conjuction with the bind DN
AuthLDAPCharsetConfig file-pathsX
Language to charset conversion configuration file
AuthLDAPCompareDNOnServer on|off on dhX
Use the LDAP server to compare the DNs
AuthLDAPDereferenceAliases never|searching|finding|always Always dhX
When will the module de-reference aliases
AuthLDAPEnabled on|off on dhX
Turn on or off LDAP authentication
AuthLDAPFrontPageHack on|off off dhX
Allow LDAP authentication to work with MS FrontPage
AuthLDAPGroupAttribute attributedhX
LDAP attributes used to check for group membership
AuthLDAPGroupAttributeIsDN on|off on dhX
Use the DN of the client username when checking for group membership
AuthLDAPRemoteUserIsDN on|off off dhX
Use the DN of the client username to set the REMOTE_USER environment variable
AuthLDAPUrl urldhX
URL specifying the LDAP search parameters
AuthName auth-domaindh
用于HTTP认证的的验证域
AuthType Basic|Digestdh
用户验证的类型
AuthUserFile 文件路径dhB
设定一个文本文件名称,这个文件含有认证用的用户名、密码列表。
BrowserMatch regex [!]env-variable[=value] [[!]env-variable[=value]] ...svdhB
Sets environment variables conditional on HTTP User-Agent
BrowserMatchNoCase regex [!]env-variable[=value] [[!]env-variable[=value]] ...svdhB
Sets environment variables conditional on User-Agent without respect to case
BS2000Account accountsM
Define the non-privileged account on BS2000 machines
CacheDefaultExpire seconds 3600 (one hour) svX
The default duration to cache a document when no expiry date is specified.
CacheDirLength length 2 svX
The number of characters in subdirectory names
CacheDirLevels levels 3 svX
The number of levels of subdirectories in the cache.
CacheDisable url-stringsvX
Disable caching of specified URLs
CacheEnable cache_type url-stringsvX
Enable caching of specified URLs using a specified storage manager
CacheExpiryCheck On|Off On svX
Indicates if the cache observes Expires dates when seeking files
CacheFile file-path [file-path] ...sX
Cache a list of file handles at startup time
CacheForceCompletion Percentage 60 svX
Percentage of document served, after which the server will complete caching the file even if the request is cancelled.
CacheGcClean hours url-string ? svX
The time to retain unchanged cached files that match a URL
CacheGcDaily time ? svX
The recurring time each day for garbage collection to be run. (24 hour clock)
CacheGcInterval hourssvX
The interval between garbage collection attempts.
CacheGcMemUsage KBytes ? svX
The maximum kilobytes of memory used for garbage collection
CacheGcUnused hours url-string ? svX
The time to retain unreferenced cached files that match a URL.
CacheIgnoreCacheControl On|Off Off svX
Ignore the fact that the client requested the content not be cached.
CacheIgnoreNoLastMod On|Off Off svX
Ignore the fact that a response has no Last Modified header.
CacheLastModifiedFactor float 0.1 svX
The factor used to compute an expiry date based on the LastModified date.
CacheMaxExpire seconds 86400 (one day) svX
The maximum time in seconds to cache a document
CacheMaxFileSize bytes 1000000 svX
The maximum size (in bytes) of a document to be placed in the cache
CacheMinFileSize bytes 1 svX
The minimum size (in bytes) of a document to be placed in the cache
CacheNegotiatedDocs On|Off Off svB
允许内容协商文档被代理服务器缓冲
CacheRoot directorysvX
The directory root under which cache files are stored
CacheSize KBytes 1000000 svX
The maximum amount of disk space that will be used by the cache in KBytes
CacheTimeMargin ? ? svX
The minimum time margin to cache a document
CGIMapExtension cgi-path .extensiondh
定位CGI脚本解释器的技术
CharsetDefault charsetsvdhX
Charset to translate into
CharsetOptions option [option] ... DebugLevel=0 NoImpl +svdhX
Configures charset translation behavior
CharsetSourceEnc charsetsvdhX
Source charset of files
CheckSpelling on|off Off svdhE
Enables the spelling module
ChildPerUserID user-id group-id num-childrensM
Specify user ID and group ID for a number of child processes
ContentDigest on|off off svdh
启用HTTP回应头的Content-MD5的产生
CookieDomain domainsvdhE
The domain to which the tracking cookie applies
CookieExpires expiry-periodsvdhE
Expiry time for the tracking cookie
CookieLog filenamesvB
设定针对cookies的日志文件名
CookieName token Apache svdhE
Name of the tracking cookie
CookieStyle Netscape|Cookie|Cookie2|RFC2109|RFC2965 Netscape svdhE
Format of the cookie header field
CookieTracking on|off off svdhE
Enables tracking cookie
CoreDumpDirectory directorysM
Directory where Apache attempts to switch before dumping core
CustomLog file|pipe format|nickname [env=[!]environment-variable]svB
设定日志的文件名和格式
Dav On|Off|provider-name Off dE
Enable WebDAV HTTP methods
DavDepthInfinity on|off off svdE
Allow PROPFIND, Depth: Infinity requests
DavLockDB file-pathsvE
Location of the DAV lock database
DavMinTimeout seconds 0 svdE
Minimum amount of time the server holds a lock on a DAV resource
DefaultIcon url-pathsvdhB
Icon to display for files when no specific icon is configured
DefaultLanguage MIME-langsvdhB
为所有指令作用域范围内的文件设定某一特定的缺省语言
DefaultType MIME类型 text/plain svdh
在服务器无法由其他方法确定类型时,发送的默认MIME内容类型。
DeflateBufferSize value 8096 svE
Fragment size to be compressed at one time by zlib
DeflateCompressionLevelvaluesvE
How much compression do we apply to the output
DeflateFilterNote [type] notenamesvE
Places the compression ratio in a note for logging
DeflateMemLevel value 9 svE
How much memory should be used by zlib for compression
DeflateWindowSize value 15 svE
Zlib compression window size
Deny from all|host|env=env-variable [host|env=env-variable] ...dhB
控制哪些主机被禁止访问服务器
<Directory 目录路径> ... </Directory>sv
封装一组指令,使之仅对具有某个名字的文件系统目录及其子目录起作用。
DirectoryIndex local-url [local-url] ... index.html svdhB
List of resources to look for when the client requests a directory
<DirectoryMatch regex> ... </Directory>sv
封装一些指令并施用于文件系统中符合一个正则表达式的目录及其子目录
DocumentRoot 目录路径 /usr/local/apache/h +sv
组成网络上可以观看的主文档树的目录
EnableMMAP on|off on svdh
在分发中使用内存映射(memory-mapping)来读取文件
ErrorDocument 错误代码文档svdh
定义了当遇到错误的时候服务器将给客户端什么样的回应
ErrorLog 文件路径|syslog[:facility] logs/error_log (Uni +sv
定位服务器存放错误日志的位置
ExamplesvdhX
Demonstration directive to illustrate the Apache module API
ExpiresActive On|OffsvdhE
Enables generation of Expires headers
ExpiresByType MIME-type <code>secondssvdhE
Value of the Expires header configured by MIME type
ExpiresDefault <code>secondssvdhE
Default algorithm for calculating expiration time
ExtendedStatus On|Off Off sB
Keep track of extended status information for each request
ExtFilterDefine filtername parameterssE
Define an external filter
ExtFilterOptions option [option] ... DebugLevel=0 NoLogS +dE
Configure mod_ext_filter options
FileETag 组件名 ... INode MTime Size svdh
用以创建ETag HTTP回应头的文件的属性
<Files 文件名> ... </Files>svdh
包含将施用于匹配指定文件名的指令
<FilesMatch 正则表达式> ... </FilesMatch>svdh
包含施用与匹配正则表达式的文件名的指令
ForceLanguagePriority None|Prefer|Fallback [Prefer|Fallback] Prefer svdhB
指定无法匹配单个文档的情况下所采取的动作
ForceType mime类型dh
强制所有符合的文件被作为指定的MIME内容类型进行伺服
Group unix-group #-1 sM
Group under which the server will answer requests
Header set|append|add|unset|echo header [value [env=[!]variable]]svdhE
Configure HTTP response headers
HeaderName filenamesvdhB
Name of the file that will be inserted at the top of the index listing
HostnameLookups on|off|double off svd
启用对客户端IP的DNS查找
IdentityCheck on|off off svd
启用对远端用户的RFC1413鉴证的日志
<IfDefine [!]参数名> ... </IfDefine>svdh
只有在启动时进行了一个成功的测试后才进行的一个封装指令
<IfModule [!]模块名> ... </IfModule>svdh
封装指令并根据指定的模块是否存在为条件而决定是否进行处理
ImapBase map|referer|URL http://servername/ svdhB
Default base for imagemap files
ImapDefault error|nocontent|map|referer|URL nocontent svdhB
Default action when an imagemap is called with coordinates that are not explicitly mapped
ImapMenu none|formatted|semiformatted|unformattedsvdhB
Action if no coordinates are given when calling an imagemap
Include 文件路径|目录路径svd
于服务器配置文件中包含其它配置文件
IndexIgnore file [file] ...svdhB
Adds to the list of files to hide when listing a directory
IndexOptions [+|-]option [[+|-]option] ...svdhB
Various configuration settings for directory indexing
IndexOrderDefault Ascending|Descending Name|Date|Size|Description Ascending Name svdhB
Sets the default ordering of the directory index
ISAPIAppendLogToErrors on|off off svdhB
把ISAPI扩展的HSE_APPEND_LOG_PARAMETER请求记录在错误日志中
ISAPIAppendLogToQuery on|off on svdhB
把ISAPI扩展的HSE_APPEND_LOG_PARAMETER请求记录在查询域中
ISAPICacheFile file-path [file-path] ...svB
启动时载入的ISAPI动态连接库
ISAPIFakeAsync on|off off svdhB
为ISAPI回调模拟异步支持
ISAPILogNotSupported on|off off svdhB
记录ISAPI不支持的功能调用
ISAPIReadAheadBuffer size 49152 svdhB
传送到ISAPI扩展的预读缓冲区大小
KeepAlive on|off On sv
启用HTTP持续作用
KeepAliveTimeout 秒数 15 sv
持续作用中服务器在两次请求之间等待的时间数
LanguagePriority MIME-lang [MIME-lang] ...svdhB
在客户没有指示对语言的偏好情况下,语言变体的优先级列表
LDAPCacheEntries number 1024 sX
主LDAP缓冲的最大条目数
LDAPCacheTTL seconds 600 sX
search/bind缓冲项目有效时限
LDAPOpCacheEntries number 1024 sX
LDAP compare缓冲区的大小
LDAPOpCacheTTL seconds 600 sX
操作缓冲有效时限
LDAPSharedCacheSize bytes 102400 sX
以Byte为单位的共享内存缓冲区的大小
LDAPTrustedCA directory-path/filenamesX
指定包含权威授信机构的证书或数据库
LDAPTrustedCAType typesX
指定权威证书文件的类型
<Limit 方法 [方法] ... > ... </Limit>svdh
限定访问控制仅施用于某些特定的HTTP方法
<LimitExcept 方法 [方法] ... > ... </LimitExcept>svdh
对除了指定以外的所有HTTP方法限定访问控制。
LimitRequestBody 字节数 0 svdh
限制客户端发送的HTTP请求体的总长度
LimitRequestFields 数量 100 s
限制接受客户端请求中HTTP请求头域的数量
LimitRequestFieldsize 字节数s
限制客户端发送的请求头的大小
LimitRequestLine 字节数 8190 s
限制接受客户端发送的HTTP请求的行数大小
LimitXMLRequestBody 数值 1000000 svdh
限制基于XML的请求体的大小
Listen [IP-address:]portnumbersM
IP addresses and ports that the server listens to
ListenBacklog backlogsM
Maximum length of the queue of pending connections
LoadFile filename [filename] ...sE
Link in the named object file or library
LoadModule module filenamesE
Links in the object file or library, and adds to the list of active modules
<Location URL-path|URL> ... </Location>sv
将封装的指令施用于匹配的URL
<LocationMatch 正则表达式> ... </Location>sv
将封装的指令施用于匹配正则表达式的URL
LockFile filename logs/accept.lock sM
Location of the accept serialization lock file
LogFormat format|nickname [nickname] "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" +svB
定义日志文件里的记录格式
LogLevel 级别 warn sv
控制错误日志的详细程度
MaxClients numbersM
Maximum number of child processes that will be created to serve requests
MaxKeepAliveRequests 数量 100 sv
一个长连接中允许的请求数量
MaxMemFree KBytes 0 sM
Maximum amount of memory that the main allocator is allowed to hold without calling free()
MaxRequestsPerChild number 10000 sM
Limit on the number of requests that an individual child server will handle during its life
MaxRequestsPerThread number 0 sM
Limit on the number of requests that an individual thread will handle during its life
MaxSpareServers number
10 sM
Maximum number of idle child server processes
MaxSpareThreads numbersM
Maximum number of idle threads
MaxThreads number 2048 sM
Set the maximum number of worker threads
MaxThreadsPerChild number 64 sM
Maximum number of threads per child process
MCacheMaxObjectCount value 1009 sX
最大缓存对象数
MCacheMaxObjectSize bytes 10000 sX
缓存允许的最大文档大小(以Byte为单位)
MCacheMaxStreamingBuffer 字节长度 100000 或 MCacheMaxO +sX
定义最大流式化响应可缓冲长度
MCacheMinObjectSize bytes 0 sX
缓存允许的最小文档大小(以Byte为单位)
MCacheRemovalAlgorithm LRU|GDSF GDSF sX
定义在需要时哪个文档被移出缓存的算法
MCacheSize KBytes 100 sX
缓存所用最大内存量,以KB为单位。
MetaDir directory .web svdhE
Name of the directory to find CERN-style meta information files
MetaFiles on|off off svdhE
Activates CERN meta-file processing
MetaSuffix suffix .meta svdhE
File name suffix for the file containg CERN-style meta information
MimeMagicFile file-pathsvE
使用特定的Magic文件激活根据文件内容确定文件MIME类型的功能
MinSpareServers number 5 sM
Minimum number of idle child server processes
MinSpareThreads numbersM
Minimum number of idle threads available to handle request spikes
MMapFile file-path [file-path] ...sX
Map a list of files into memory at startup time
ModMimeUsePathInfo On|Off Off dB
指定mod_mimepath_info当成是文件名的一个组成部分
MultiviewsMatch Any|NegotiatedOnly|Filters|Handlers [Handlers|Filters] NegotiatedOnly svdhB
在使用MultiViews查询所匹配的文件时所包含的文件类型
NameVirtualHost 地址[:端口]s
为一个基于域名的虚拟主机指定一个IP地址
NoProxy host [host] ...svE
Hosts, domains, or networks that will be connected to directly
NumServers number 2 sM
Total number of children alive at the same time
NWSSLTrustedCerts filename [filename] ...sB
附加的客户端证书列表
Options [+|-]可选项 [[+|-]可选项] ... All svdh
配置在特定目录使用哪些特性
Order ordering Deny,Allow dhB
控制缺省的访问状态和AllowDeny指令被评估的顺序。
PassEnv 环境变量名 [环境变量名] ...svdhB
传送 shell 中的环境变量
PidFile filename logs/httpd.pid sM
File where the server records the process ID of the daemon
ProtocolEcho On|OffsvX
Turn the echo server on or off
<Proxy 包含通配符的URL> ...</Proxy>svE
施用于代理资源的指令的容器
ProxyBlock *|word|host|domain [word|host|domain] ...svE
Words, hosts, or domains that are banned from being proxied
ProxyDomain DomainsvE
Default domain name for proxied requests
ProxyErrorOverride On|Off Off svE
Override error pages for proxied content
ProxyIOBufferSize bytessvE
IO buffer size for outgoing HTTP and FTP connections
<ProxyMatch regex> ...</ProxyMatch>svE
施用于匹配正则表达式的代理资源的指令
ProxyMaxForwards number 10 svE
Maximium number of proxies that a request can be forwarded through
ProxyPass [路径] !|urlsvE
将一个远端服务器映射到本地服务器的URL空间中
ProxyPassReverse [路径] urlsvE
调整由反向代理服务器发送的HTTP回应头中的URL
ProxyPreserveHost on|off Off svE
使用发来的HTTP请求头来发送代理请求
ProxyReceiveBufferSize bytessvE
Network buffer size for outgoing HTTP and FTP connections
ProxyRemote match remote-serversvE
用户处理某些特定请求的远端代理
ProxyRemoteMatch regex remote-serversvE
处理匹配正则表达式的远端代理
ProxyRequests on|off Off svE
启用前转(基本)代理请求
ProxyTimeout seconds 300 svE
Network timeout for proxied requests
ProxyVia on|off|full|block off svE
Information provided in the Via HTTP response header for proxied requests
ReadmeName filenamesvdhB
Name of the file that will be inserted at the end of the index listing
Redirect [status] URL-path URLsvdhB
发送一个外部重定向使客户端转向到一个不同的URL
RedirectMatch [status] regex URLsvdhB
基于正则表达式匹配对当前的URL发送一个外部重定向
RedirectPermanent URL-path URLsvdhB
发送一个外部永久性重定向使客户端转向到一个不同的URL
RedirectTemp URL-path URLsvdhB
发送一个外部临时性重定向使客户端转向到一个不同的URL
RemoveCharset extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除任何给定的扩展名与内容字符集之间的关联
RemoveEncoding extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除任何给定的扩展名与内容编码方式间的关联
RemoveHandler extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除任何指定扩展名与处理器间的关联
RemoveInputFilter extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除指定扩展名与输入过滤器之间的关联
RemoveLanguage extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除指定的扩展名与内容语言之间的关联
RemoveOutputFilter extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除指定扩展名与输出过滤器之间的关联
RemoveType extension [extension] ...vdhB
删除指定扩展名与内容类型之间的关联
RequestHeader set|append|add|unset header [value]svdhE
Configure HTTP request headers
Require entity-name [entity-name] ...dh
选择哪个认证用户能访问某个资源
RewriteBase URL-pathdhE
设置目录级重写的基准URL
RewriteCond TestString CondPatternsvdhE
定义重写发生的条件
RewriteEngine on|off off svdhE
打开或关闭运行时刻的重写引擎
RewriteLock file-pathsE
设置RewriteMap同步所使用的加锁文件名
RewriteLog file-pathsvE
设置重写引擎日志的文件名
RewriteLogLevel Level 0 svE
设置重写引擎日志的详细程度的级别
RewriteMap MapName MapType:MapSource svE
定义用于关键词查找的映射函数
RewriteOptions Options MaxRedirects=10 svdhE
为重写引擎设置一些特殊的选项
RewriteRule Pattern SubstitutionsvdhE
为重写引擎定义规则
RLimitCPU 数值|max [数值|max]svdh
限制由Apache载入的子进程的CPU占用
RLimitMEM 数值|max [数值|max]svdh
限制由Apache载入的子进程的内存占用
RLimitNPROC 数值|max [数值|max]svdh
限制由Apache载入的子进程的进程载入数目
Satisfy any|all all dh
主机级别的访问控制和用户认证之间的关系
ScoreBoardFile file-path logs/apache_status sM
Location of the file used to store coordination data for the child processes
Script method cgi-scriptsvdB
对特定的请求方法激活一个CGI脚本
ScriptAlias URL-path file-path|directory-pathsvB
映射一个URL到文件系统并视之为CGI脚本
ScriptAliasMatch regex file-path|directory-pathsvB
使用正则表达式映射一个URL到文件系统并视之为CGI脚本
ScriptInterpreterSource 注册表项|脚本 脚本 svdh
定位CGI脚本解释器的技术
ScriptLog file-pathsvB
定位CGI脚本错误日志文件的位置
ScriptLogBuffer bytes 1024 svB
会记录入日志文件的PUT或者POST请求头的最大数量
ScriptLogLength bytes 10385760 svB
CGI脚本日志文件的大小限制
ScriptSock file-path logs/cgisock svB
The name of the socket to use for communication with the cgi daemon
SecureListen [IP-address:]portnumber Certificate-Name [MUTUAL]sB
在指定端口启用 SSL 加密
SendBufferSize bytes 0 sM
TCP buffer size
ServerAdmin 邮件地址sv
服务器返回给客户端的错误信息中包含的邮件地址
ServerAlias 主机名 [主机名] ...v
匹配一个基于域名的虚拟主机的候补域名
ServerLimit numbersM
Upper limit on configurable number of processes
ServerName 完整的域名[:端口号]sv
服务器用于辨识自己的主机名和端口号
ServerPath URL-pathv
为兼容性不好的浏览器访问基于域名的虚拟主机保留的URL路径名
ServerRoot 目录路径 /usr/local/apache s
服务器安装基础目录
ServerSignature On|Off|EMail Off svdh
配置服务器生成页面的页脚
ServerTokens Major|Minor|Minimal|ProductOnly|OS|Full Full s
配置服务器HTTP回应头
SetEnv 环境变量名 值svdhB
设定环境变量
SetEnvIf attribute regex [!]env-variable[=value] [[!]env-variable[=value]] ...svdhB
Sets environment variables based on attributes of the request
SetEnvIfNoCase attribute regex [!]env-variable[=value] [[!]env-variable[=value]] ...svdhB
Sets environment variables based on attributes of the request without respect to case
SetHandler 处理器名svdh
强制所有匹配文件被一个处理器处理
SetInputFilter 过滤器[;过滤器...]svdh
设置处理客户端请求和POST输入时使用的过滤器
SetOutputFilter 过滤器[;过滤器...]svdh
设置用于处理服务器回应的过滤器
SSIEndTag tag "-->" svB
String that ends an include element
SSIErrorMsg message "[an error occurred +svdhB
Error message displayed when there is an SSI error
SSIStartTag tag "<!--" svB
String that starts an include element
SSITimeFormat formatstring "%A, %d-%b-%Y %H:%M +svdhB
Configures the format in which date strings are displayed
SSIUndefinedEcho string "(none)" svB
String displayed when an unset variable is echoed
SSLCACertificateFile file-pathsvE
File of concatenated PEM-encoded CA Certificates for Client Auth
SSLCACertificatePath directory-pathsvE
Directory of PEM-encoded CA Certificates for Client Auth
SSLCARevocationFile file-pathsvE
File of concatenated PEM-encoded CA CRLs for Client Auth
SSLCARevocationPath directory-pathsvE
Directory of PEM-encoded CA CRLs for Client Auth
SSLCertificateChainFile file-pathsvE
File of PEM-encoded Server CA Certificates
SSLCertificateFile file-pathsvE
Server PEM-encoded X.509 Certificate file
SSLCertificateKeyFile file-pathsvE
Server PEM-encoded Private Key file
SSLCipherSuite cipher-spec ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+H +svdhE
Cipher Suite available for negotiation in SSL handshake
SSLEngine on|off off svE
SSL Engine Operation Switch
SSLMutex type none sE
Semaphore for internal mutual exclusion of operations
SSLOptions [+|-]option ...svdhE
Configure various SSL engine run-time options
SSLPassPhraseDialog type builtin sE
Type of pass phrase dialog for encrypted private keys
SSLProtocol [+|-]protocol ... all svE
Configure usable SSL protocol flavors
SSLProxyCACertificateFile file-pathsvE
File of concatenated PEM-encoded CA Certificates for Remote Server Auth
SSLProxyCACertificatePath directory-pathsvE
Directory of PEM-encoded CA Certificates for Remote Server Auth
SSLProxyCARevocationFile file-pathsvE
File of concatenated PEM-encoded CA CRLs for Remote Server Auth
SSLProxyCARevocationPath directory-pathsvE
Directory of PEM-encoded CA CRLs for Remote Server Auth
SSLProxyCipherSuite cipher-spec ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+H +svdhE
Cipher Suite available for negotiation in SSL proxy handshake
SSLProxyEngine on|off off svE
SSL Proxy Engine Operation Switch
SSLProxyMachineCertificateFile filenamesE
File of concatenated PEM-encoded CA certificates for proxy server client certificates
SSLProxyMachineCertificatePath directorysE
Directory of PEM-encoded CA certificates for proxy server client certificates
SSLProxyProtocol [+|-]protocol ... all svE
Configure usable SSL protocol flavors for proxy usage
SSLProxyVerify level none svdhE
Type of remote server Certificate verification
SSLProxyVerifyDepth number 1 svdhE
Maximum depth of CA Certificates in Remote Server Certificate verification
SSLRandomSeed context source [bytes]sE
Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG) seeding source
SSLRequire expressiondhE
Allow access only when an arbitrarily complex boolean expression is true
SSLRequireSSLdhE
Deny access when SSL is not used for the HTTP request
SSLSessionCache type none sE
Type of the global/inter-process SSL Session Cache
SSLSessionCacheTimeout seconds 300 svE
Number of seconds before an SSL session expires in the Session Cache
SSLVerifyClient level none svdhE
Type of Client Certificate verification
SSLVerifyDepth number 1 svdhE
Maximum depth of CA Certificates in Client Certificate verification
StartServers numbersM
Number of child server processes created at startup
StartThreads numbersM
Number of threads created on startup
SuexecUserGroup User Groupsv
CGI 程序的用户和组权限
ThreadLimit numbersM
Sets the upper limit on the configurable number of threads per child process
ThreadsPerChild numbersM
Number of threads created by each child process
ThreadStackSize number 65536 sM
Determine the stack size for each thread
TimeOut 数字 300 s
对于某些事件,服务器在断定请求失败前等待的时间
TransferLog file|pipesvB
指定日志文件的位置
TypesConfig file-path conf/mime.types sB
指定mime.types文件的位置
UnsetEnv 环境变量名 [环境变量名] ...svdhB
从环境中删除一个变量
UseCanonicalName on|off|dns on svd
配置服务器如何决定它自己的域名和端口
User unix-userid #-1 sM
The userid under which the server will answer requests
UserDir Directory-filename public_html svB
用户网站目录的位置
VirtualDocumentRoot 包含替换操作格式符的目录名称|none none svE
对于给定的虚拟主机动态配置根文档目录
VirtualDocumentRootIP 包含替换操作格式符的目录名称|none none svE
对于给定的虚拟主机动态配置根文档目录
<VirtualHost 地址[:端口号] [地址[:端口号]] ...> ... </VirtualHost>s
包含仅施用于指定主机名或IP地址的指令
VirtualScriptAlias 包含替换操作格式符的目录名称|none none svE
对于给定的虚拟主机动态配置 CGI 目录
VirtualScriptAliasIP 包含替换操作格式符的目录名称|none none svE
对于给定的虚拟主机动态配置 CGI 目录
XBitHack on|off|full off svdhB
Parse SSI directives in files with the execute bit set

 


项目维护者: kajaa [本文译者: kajaa * ]

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