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4. Typography

To make things easier to follow, there are a few typographical conventions used throughout this book. This section contains some examples of the typographical format found throughout Linux From Scratch.

./configure --prefix=/usr

This form of text is designed to be typed exactly as seen unless otherwise noted in the surrounding text. It is also used in the explanation sections to identify which of the commands is being referenced.

install-info: unknown option '--dir-file=/mnt/lfs/usr/info/dir'

This form of text (fixed width text) shows screen output, probably as the result of commands issued. This format is also used to show filenames, such as /etc/ld.so.conf.


This form of text is used for several purposes in the book, mainly to emphasize important points or items.


This format is used for hyperlinks, both within the LFS community and to external pages, including HOWTOs, download locations, and websites.

cat > $LFS/etc/group << "EOF"

This format is used when creating configuration files. The first command tells the system to create the file $LFS/etc/group from whatever is typed on the following lines until the sequence end of file (EOF) is encountered. Therefore, this entire section is generally typed as seen.


This format is used to encapsulate text that is not to be typed as seen or copy-and-pasted.