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A. 缩写和名词

ABI

Application Binary Interface [应用程序二进制接口]

ALFS

Automated Linux From Scratch [自动化安装的 LFS ]

ALSA

Advanced Linux Sound Architecture [高级 Linux 声音体系结构]

API

Application Programming Interface [应用程序编程接口]

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange [美国信息交换标准代码]

BIOS

Basic Input/Output System [基本输入/输出系统]

BLFS

Beyond Linux From Scratch [超越 LFS ]

BSD

Berkeley Software Distribution [Berkeley 软件发行版]

chroot

change root [改变程序执行时所参考的根目录的位置]

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor [互补金属氧化物半导体]

COS

Class Of Service [服务类]

CPU

Central Processing Unit [中央处理器]

CRC

Cyclic Redundancy Check [循环冗余码校验]

CVS

Concurrent Versions System [并行版本管理系统]

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol [动态主机配置协议]

DNS

Domain Name Service [域名服务]

EGA

Enhanced Graphics Adapter [增强图形适配器]

ELF

Executable and Linkable Format [可执行与可链接格式]

EOF

End of File [文件结尾]

EQN

equation [数学公式排版命令]

EVMS

Enterprise Volume Management System [企业卷管理系统]

ext2

second extended file system [第二版扩展文件系统]

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions [常见问题]

FHS

Filesystem Hierarchy Standard [文件系统层次标准]

FIFO

First-In, First Out [先进先出]

FQDN

Fully Qualified Domain Name [全限定域名]

FTP

File Transfer Protocol [文件传输协议]

GB

Gibabytes [吉字节]

GCC

GNU Compiler Collection [GNU 编译器合集]

GID

Group Identifier [组标识符]

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time [格林尼治标准时间]

GPG

GNU Privacy Guard [GNU 隐私卫士]

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language [超文本标记语言]

IDE

Integrated Drive Electronics [整合了控制器的驱动器]

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers [电气和电子工程师学会]

IO

Input/Output [输入/输出]

IP

Internet Protocol [网际协议]

IPC

Inter-Process Communication [进程间通信]

IRC

Internet Relay Chat [因特网多线交谈]

ISO

International Organization for Standardization [国际标准化组织]

ISP

Internet Service Provider [因特网服务提供商]

KB

Kilobytes [千字节]

LED

Light Emitting Diode [发光二极管]

LFS

Linux From Scratch [Linux 彻底定制指南]

LSB

Linux Standards Base [Linux 标准基础]

MB

Megabytes [兆字节]

MBR

Master Boot Record [主引导记录]

MD5

Message Digest 5 [信息摘要算法 5]

NIC

Network Interface Card [网络接口卡]

NLS

Native Language Support [本地语言支持]

NNTP

Network News Transport Protocol [网络新闻传输协议]

NPTL

Native POSIX Threading Library [本地 POSIX 线程库]

OSS

Open Sound System [开放声音系统]

PCH

Pre-Compiled Headers [预编译头]

PCRE

Perl Compatible Regular Expression [Perl 兼容的正则表达式]

PID

Process Identifier [进程标识符]

PLFS

Pure Linux From Scratch [纯粹的 LFS ]

PTY

pseudo terminal [伪终端]

QA

Quality Assurance [质量保证]

QOS

Quality Of Service [服务质量]

RAM

Random Access Memory [随机存取存储器]

RPC

Remote Procedure Call [远程过程调用]

RTC

Real Time Clock [实时时钟]

SBU

Standard Build Unit [标准编译时间单位]

SCO

The Santa Cruz Operation [一家公司的名字]

SGR

Select Graphic Rendition [选择图形再现]

SHA1

Secure-Hash Algorithm 1 [安全散列算法 1]

SMP

Symmetric Multi-Processor [对称多重处理器]

TLDP

The Linux Documentation Project [Linux 文档计划]

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol [小型文件传输协议]

TLS

Thread-Local Storage [线程局部存储]

UID

User Identifier [用户标识符]

umask

user file-creation mask [用户文件创建权限掩码]

USB

Universal Serial Bus [通用串行总线]

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time [协调世界时]

UUID

Universally Unique Identifier [全球唯一标识符]

VC

Virtual Console [虚拟控制台]

VGA

Video Graphics Array [视频图形阵列]

VT

Virtual Terminal [虚拟终端]