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1.7. Organization of This Document

This document is meant to serve as a manual for first-time Debian users. It tries to make as few assumptions as possible about your level of expertise. However, we do assume that you have a general understanding of how the hardware in your computer works.

Expert users may also find interesting reference information in this document, including minimum installation sizes, details about the hardware supported by the Debian installation system, and so on. We encourage expert users to jump around in the document.

In general, this manual is arranged in a linear fashion, walking you through the installation process from start to finish. Here are the steps in installing Debian GNU/Linux, and the sections of this document which correlate with each step:

  1. Determine whether your hardware meets the requirements for using the installation system, in 第2章 , 系统需求.

  2. Backup your system, perform any necessary planning and hardware configuration prior to installing Debian, in 第3章 , 开始安装 Debian GNU/Linux 之前. If you are preparing a multi-boot system, you may need to create partition-able space on your hard disk for Debian to use.

  3. In 第4章 , 获取系统安装介质, you will obtain the necessary installation files for your method of installation.

  4. 第5章 , Booting the Installation System describes booting into the installation system. This chapter also discusses troubleshooting procedures in case you have problems with this step.

  5. Perform the actual installation according to 第6章 , 使用 Debian 安装程序. This involves choosing your language, configuring peripheral driver modules, configuring your network connection, so that remaining installation files can be obtained directly from a Debian server (if you are not installing from a CD), partitioning your hard drives and installation of minimal working system. (Some background about setting up the partitions for your Debian system is explained in 附录 B, 为 Debian 准备分区.)

  6. Boot into your newly installed base system and run through some additional configuration tasks, from 第7章 , 启动进入新 Debian 系统.

  7. Install additional software in 第7.2.5节 , "软件包安装".

Once you've got your system installed, you can read 第8章 , 下一步该干什么. That chapter explains where to look to find more information about Unix and Debian, and how to replace your kernel.

Finally, information about this document and how to contribute to it may be found in 附录 D, 文案.