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Linux Ecology-HOWTO

Werner Heuser

Wade W. Hampton

v1.0, 2003-11-23

The Ecology-HOWTO discusses ways Linux computers can be used as a means to protect our environment, by using its features to save power or paper. Since it does not require big hardware, Linux may be used with old computers to make their life cycle longer. Games may be used in environmental education and software is available to simulate ecological processes.

Table of Contents
1. Objectives
2. Caveats
3. About the Document and the Authors
1. Reduction of Power Consumption
1.1. Advanced Power Management (APM/ACPI)
1.2. Power Management Unit - PMU (Apple PowerBook)
1.3. Turn Monitor off, use Keyboard LEDs
1.4. Screensavers
1.5. Energy Star Label
1.6. Miscellaneous Power Saving Techniques
2. Alternative Power Supplies - Sun, Wind, Water
3. Noise Reduction
3.1. Fan
3.2. Harddisk
3.3. Speakers
4. Saving Consumables (Paper, Ink, etc.)
4.1. Printing of Drafts / Multiple Pages on One Sheet of Paper
4.2. Double Sided Printing
4.3. Reading From the Monitor Instead From Paper
4.4. Other Techniques
5. Ecological Behaviour is Convenient
6. Recycling of Consumables (Paper, Printer Cartrigdes, CD, Floppies, Tapes)
7. Reduction of Radiation, Electro Magnetic Fields, Heat
8. Extending the Life Cycle of your Hardware
8.1. Recycling of Hardware
8.2. Other Techniques
8.3. Linux BadRAM Patch
8.4. Other Operating Systems
9. X10 - Home Automation System
10. Uninterruptable Power Supply - UPS
11. Games
12. Ecology Software (Simulation, Datacollection, Statistics, etc.)
12.1. Ecolab
12.2. OpenClassroom
12.3. Tierra
12.4. Linux in Environmental Research
12.5. SWARM
12.6. Climate-Dynamics
12.7. UNCERT
12.8. EcoTopia
13. Related Projects, Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
14. Credits
15. Revision History
A. Appendix A - Linux with Laptops
A.1. Ecological Comparisons of Computers
A.2. Battery
A.3. PCMCIA Card Services and Advanced Power Management
A.4. Power Saving Techniques
B. Appendix B - MP3-Hardware-Decoder at Parallel Port
C. Appendix C - Bibliography
D. Appendix D - Recommendations for Buying a New Computer
E. Appendix E - A New Environmentally Friendly Hardware Design
F. Appendix F - Computer Related Eco Labels
G. Appendix G - Other Operating Systems
G.1. DOS
G.2. Microsoft-Windows
H. Appendix H - URLs of Recylers