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LVI. Ingres II Functions


These functions allow you to access Ingres II database servers.

注: If you already used PHP extensions to access other database servers, note that Ingres doesn't allow concurrent queries and/or transaction over one connection, thus you won't find any result or transaction handle in this extension. The result of a query must be treated before sending another query, and a transaction must be committed or rolled back before opening another transaction (which is automatically done when sending the first query).


本扩展模块是实验性的。本模块的行为,包括其函数的名称以及其它任何关于此模块的文档可能会在没有通知的情况下随 PHP 以后的发布而改变。使用本扩展模块风险自担。


To compile PHP with Ingres support, you need the Open API library and header files included with Ingres II.


In order to have these functions available, you must compile PHP with Ingres support by using the --with-ingres[=DIR] option, where DIR is the Ingres base directory, which defaults to /II/ingres. If the II_SYSTEM environment variable isn't correctly set you may have to use --with-ingres=DIR to specify your Ingres installation directory.

When using this extension with Apache, if Apache does not start and complains with "PHP Fatal error: Unable to start ingres_ii module in Unknown on line 0" then make sure the environment variable II_SYSTEM is correctly set. Adding "export II_SYSTEM="/home/ingres/II" in the script that starts Apache, just before launching httpd, should be fine.


这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

表格 1. Ingres II configuration options

ingres.allow_persistent"1"PHP_INI_SYSTEMAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
ingres.max_persistent"-1"PHP_INI_SYSTEMAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
ingres.max_links"-1"PHP_INI_SYSTEMAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
ingres.default_databaseNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
ingres.default_userNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
ingres.default_passwordNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.2.
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见 附录 H




以下常量由本扩展模块定义,因此只有在本扩展模块被编译到 PHP 中,或者在运行时被动态加载后才有效。

INGRES_ASSOC (integer)

INGRES_NUM (integer)

INGRES_BOTH (integer)

ingres_autocommit -- Switch autocommit on or off
ingres_close -- Close an Ingres II database connection
ingres_commit -- Commit a transaction
ingres_connect --  Open a connection to an Ingres II database
ingres_fetch_array -- Fetch a row of result into an array
ingres_fetch_object -- Fetch a row of result into an object
ingres_fetch_row --  Fetch a row of result into an enumerated array
ingres_field_length -- Get the length of a field
ingres_field_name -- Get the name of a field in a query result
ingres_field_nullable -- Test if a field is nullable
ingres_field_precision -- Get the precision of a field
ingres_field_scale -- Get the scale of a field
ingres_field_type --  Get the type of a field in a query result
ingres_num_fields --  Get the number of fields returned by the last query
ingres_num_rows --  Get the number of rows affected or returned by the last query
ingres_pconnect --  Open a persistent connection to an Ingres II database
ingres_query -- Send a SQL query to Ingres II
ingres_rollback -- Roll back a transaction