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XLIX. iconv Functions

简介

This module contains an interface to iconv character set conversion facility. With this module, you can turn a string represented by a local character set into the one represented by another character set, which may be the Unicode character set. Supported character sets depend on the iconv implementation of your system. Note that the iconv function on some systems may not work as you expect. In such case, it'd be a good idea to install the GNU libiconv library. It will most likely end up with more consistent results.

Since PHP 5.0.0, this extension comes with various utility functions that help you to write multilingual scripts. Let's have a look at the following sections to explore the new features.

需求

You will need nothing if the system you are using is one of the recent POSIX-compliant systems because standard C libraries that are supplied in them must provide iconv facility. Otherwise, you have to get the libiconv library installed in your system.

安装

To use functions provided by this module, the PHP binary must be built with the following configure line: --with-iconv[=DIR].

Note to Windows® Users: In order to enable this module on a Windows® environment, you need to put a DLL file named iconv.dll or iconv-1.3.dll (prior to 4.2.1) which is bundled with the PHP/Win32 binary package into a directory specified by the PATH environment variable or one of the system directories of your Windows® installation.

This module is part of PHP as of PHP 5 thus iconv.dll and php_iconv.dll is not needed anymore.

运行时配置

这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

表格 1. Iconv configuration options

NameDefaultChangeableChangelog
iconv.input_encoding"ISO-8859-1"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.5.
iconv.output_encoding"ISO-8859-1"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.5.
iconv.internal_encoding"ISO-8859-1"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.5.
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见 附录 H

注: Configuration option iconv.input_encoding is currently not used for anything.

资源类型

本扩展模块未定义任何资源类型。

预定义常量

Since PHP 4.3.0 it is possible to identify at runtime which iconv implementation is adopted by this extension.

表格 2. iconv constants

NameTypeDescription
ICONV_IMPLstringThe implementation name
ICONV_VERSIONstringThe implementation version

注: Writing implementation-dependent scripts with these constants is strongly discouraged.

Since PHP 5.0.0, the following constants are also available:

表格 3. iconv constants available since PHP 5.0.0

NameTypeDescription
ICONV_MIME_DECODE_STRICTintegerA bitmask used for iconv_mime_decode()
ICONV_MIME_DECODE_CONTINUE_ON_ERRORintegerA bitmask used for iconv_mime_decode()

目录
iconv_get_encoding -- Retrieve internal configuration variables of iconv extension
iconv_mime_decode_headers --  Decodes multiple MIME header fields at once
iconv_mime_decode --  Decodes a MIME header field
iconv_mime_encode --  Composes a MIME header field
iconv_set_encoding -- Set current setting for character encoding conversion
iconv_strlen --  Returns the character count of string
iconv_strpos --  Finds position of first occurrence of a needle within a haystack
iconv_strrpos --  Finds the last occurrence of a needle within the specified range of haystack
iconv_substr --  Cut out part of a string
iconv -- Convert string to requested character encoding
ob_iconv_handler -- Convert character encoding as output buffer handler