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11.3. Fixed Container

The Fixed container allows you to place widgets at a fixed position within it's window, relative to it's upper left hand corner. The position of the widgets can be changed dynamically.

There are only a few functions associated with the fixed widget:

GtkWidget* gtk_fixed_new( void );

void gtk_fixed_put( GtkFixed  *fixed,
                    GtkWidget *widget,
                    gint       x,
                    gint       y );

void gtk_fixed_move( GtkFixed  *fixed,
                     GtkWidget *widget,
                     gint       x,
                     gint       y );

The function gtk_fixed_new() allows you to create a new Fixed container.

gtk_fixed_put() places widget in the container fixed at the position specified by x and y.

gtk_fixed_move() allows the specified widget to be moved to a new position.

void gtk_fixed_set_has_window( GtkFixed  *fixed,
                               gboolean   has_window );

gboolean gtk_fixed_get_has_window( GtkFixed *fixed );

Normally, Fixed widgets don't have their own X window. Since this is different from the behaviour of Fixed widgets in earlier releases of GTK, the function gtk_fixed_set_has_window() allows the creation of Fixed widgets with their own window. It has to be called before realizing the widget.

The following example illustrates how to use the Fixed Container.

#include <gtk/gtk.h>

/* I'm going to be lazy and use some global variables to
 * store the position of the widget within the fixed
 * container */
gint x = 50;
gint y = 50;

/* This callback function moves the button to a new position
 * in the Fixed container. */
static void move_button( GtkWidget *widget,
                         GtkWidget *fixed )
  x = (x + 30) % 300;
  y = (y + 50) % 300;
  gtk_fixed_move (GTK_FIXED (fixed), widget, x, y); 

int main( int   argc,
          char *argv[] )
  /* GtkWidget is the storage type for widgets */
  GtkWidget *window;
  GtkWidget *fixed;
  GtkWidget *button;
  gint i;

  /* Initialise GTK */
  gtk_init (&argc, &argv);
  /* Create a new window */
  window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
  gtk_window_set_title (GTK_WINDOW (window), "Fixed Container");

  /* Here we connect the "destroy" event to a signal handler */ 
  g_signal_connect (G_OBJECT (window), "destroy",
		    G_CALLBACK (gtk_main_quit), NULL);
  /* Sets the border width of the window. */
  gtk_container_set_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 10);

  /* Create a Fixed Container */
  fixed = gtk_fixed_new ();
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), fixed);
  gtk_widget_show (fixed);
  for (i = 1 ; i <= 3 ; i++) {
    /* Creates a new button with the label "Press me" */
    button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("Press me");
    /* When the button receives the "clicked" signal, it will call the
     * function move_button() passing it the Fixed Container as its
     * argument. */
    g_signal_connect (G_OBJECT (button), "clicked",
		      G_CALLBACK (move_button), (gpointer) fixed);
    /* This packs the button into the fixed containers window. */
    gtk_fixed_put (GTK_FIXED (fixed), button, i*50, i*50);
    /* The final step is to display this newly created widget. */
    gtk_widget_show (button);

  /* Display the window */
  gtk_widget_show (window);
  /* Enter the event loop */
  gtk_main ();
  return 0;