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10.11. Calendar

The Calendar widget is an effective way to display and retrieve monthly date related information. It is a very simple widget to create and work with.

Creating a GtkCalendar widget is a simple as:

GtkWidget *gtk_calendar_new( void );

There might be times where you need to change a lot of information within this widget and the following functions allow you to make multiple change to a Calendar widget without the user seeing multiple on-screen updates.

void gtk_calendar_freeze( GtkCalendar *Calendar );

void gtk_calendar_thaw( GtkCalendar *Calendar );

They work just like the freeze/thaw functions of every other widget.

The Calendar widget has a few options that allow you to change the way the widget both looks and operates by using the function

void gtk_calendar_display_options( GtkCalendar               *calendar,
                                   GtkCalendarDisplayOptions  flags );

The flags argument can be formed by combining either of the following five options using the logical bitwise OR (|) operation:

GTK_CALENDAR_SHOW_HEADING

this option specifies that the month and year should be shown when drawing the calendar.

GTK_CALENDAR_SHOW_DAY_NAMES

this option specifies that the three letter descriptions should be displayed for each day (eg Mon,Tue, etc.).

GTK_CALENDAR_NO_MONTH_CHANGE

this option states that the user should not and can not change the currently displayed month. This can be good if you only need to display a particular month such as if you are displaying 12 calendar widgets for every month in a particular year.

GTK_CALENDAR_SHOW_WEEK_NUMBERS

this option specifies that the number for each week should be displayed down the left side of the calendar. (eg. Jan 1 = Week 1,Dec 31 = Week 52).

GTK_CALENDAR_WEEK_START_MONDAY

this option states that the calander week will start on Monday instead of Sunday which is the default. This only affects the order in which days are displayed from left to right.

The following functions are used to set the the currently displayed date:

gint gtk_calendar_select_month( GtkCalendar *calendar, 
                                guint        month,
                                guint        year );

void gtk_calendar_select_day( GtkCalendar *calendar,
                              guint        day );

The return value from gtk_calendar_select_month() is a boolean value indicating whether the selection was successful.

With gtk_calendar_select_day() the specified day number is selected within the current month, if that is possible. A day value of 0 will deselect any current selection.

In addition to having a day selected, any number of days in the month may be "marked". A marked day is highlighted within the calendar display. The following functions are provided to manipulate marked days:

gint gtk_calendar_mark_day( GtkCalendar *calendar,
                            guint        day);

gint gtk_calendar_unmark_day( GtkCalendar *calendar,
                              guint        day);

void gtk_calendar_clear_marks( GtkCalendar *calendar);

The currently marked days are stored within an array within the GtkCalendar structure. This array is 31 elements long so to test whether a particular day is currently marked, you need to access the corresponding element of the array (don't forget in C that array elements are numbered 0 to n-1). For example:

    GtkCalendar *calendar;
    calendar = gtk_calendar_new ();

    ...

    /* Is day 7 marked? */
    if (calendar->marked_date[7-1])
       /* day is marked */

Note that marks are persistent across month and year changes.

The final Calendar widget function is used to retrieve the currently selected date, month and/or year.

void gtk_calendar_get_date( GtkCalendar *calendar, 
                            guint       *year,
                            guint       *month,
                            guint       *day );

This function requires you to pass the addresses of guint variables, into which the result will be placed. Passing NULL as a value will result in the corresponding value not being returned.

The Calendar widget can generate a number of signals indicating date selection and change. The names of these signals are self explanatory, and are:

That just leaves us with the need to put all of this together into example code.

/*
 * Copyright (C) 1998 Cesar Miquel, Shawn T. Amundson, Mattias Grönlund
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Tony Gale
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <gtk/gtk.h>

#define DEF_PAD 10
#define DEF_PAD_SMALL 5

#define TM_YEAR_BASE 1900

typedef struct _CalendarData {
  GtkWidget *flag_checkboxes[5];
  gboolean  settings[5];
  GtkWidget *font_dialog;
  GtkWidget *window;
  GtkWidget *prev2_sig;
  GtkWidget *prev_sig;
  GtkWidget *last_sig;
  GtkWidget *month;
} CalendarData;

enum {
  calendar_show_header,
  calendar_show_days,
  calendar_month_change, 
  calendar_show_week,
  calendar_monday_first
};

/*
 * GtkCalendar
 */

static void calendar_date_to_string( CalendarData *data,
                                     char         *buffer,
                                     gint          buff_len )
{
  GDate date;
  guint year, month, day;

  gtk_calendar_get_date (GTK_CALENDAR (data->window),
			 &year, &month, &day);
  g_date_set_dmy (&date, day, month + 1, year);
  g_date_strftime (buffer, buff_len - 1, "%x", &date);

}

static void calendar_set_signal_strings( char         *sig_str,
                                         CalendarData *data )
{
  const gchar *prev_sig;

  prev_sig = gtk_label_get_text (GTK_LABEL (data->prev_sig));
  gtk_label_set_text (GTK_LABEL (data->prev2_sig), prev_sig);

  prev_sig = gtk_label_get_text (GTK_LABEL (data->last_sig));
  gtk_label_set_text (GTK_LABEL (data->prev_sig), prev_sig);
  gtk_label_set_text (GTK_LABEL (data->last_sig), sig_str);
}

static void calendar_month_changed( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                    CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "month_changed: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 15, 256 - 15);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}

static void calendar_day_selected( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                   CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "day_selected: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 14, 256 - 14);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}

static void calendar_day_selected_double_click ( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                                 CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "day_selected_double_click: ";
  guint day;

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 27, 256 - 27);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);

  gtk_calendar_get_date (GTK_CALENDAR (data->window),
			 NULL, NULL, &day);

  if (GTK_CALENDAR (data->window)->marked_date[day-1] == 0) {
    gtk_calendar_mark_day (GTK_CALENDAR (data->window), day);
  } else { 
    gtk_calendar_unmark_day (GTK_CALENDAR (data->window), day);
  }
}

static void calendar_prev_month( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                 CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "prev_month: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 12, 256 - 12);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}

static void calendar_next_month( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                 CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "next_month: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 12, 256 - 12);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}

static void calendar_prev_year( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "prev_year: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 11, 256 - 11);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}

static void calendar_next_year( GtkWidget    *widget,
                                CalendarData *data )
{
  char buffer[256] = "next_year: ";

  calendar_date_to_string (data, buffer + 11, 256 - 11);
  calendar_set_signal_strings (buffer, data);
}


static void calendar_set_flags( CalendarData *calendar )
{
  gint i;
  gint options = 0;
  for (i = 0;i < 5; i++) 
    if (calendar->settings[i])
      {
	options = options + (1 << i);
      }
  if (calendar->window)
    gtk_calendar_display_options (GTK_CALENDAR (calendar->window), options);
}

static void calendar_toggle_flag( GtkWidget    *toggle,
                                  CalendarData *calendar)
{
  gint i;
  gint j;
  j = 0;
  for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
    if (calendar->flag_checkboxes[i] == toggle)
      j = i;

  calendar->settings[j] = !calendar->settings[j];
  calendar_set_flags (calendar);
  
}

static void calendar_font_selection_ok( GtkWidget    *button,
                                        CalendarData *calendar )
{
  GtkRcStyle *style;
  char *font_name;

  if (calendar->window)
    {
      font_name = gtk_font_selection_dialog_get_font_name (GTK_FONT_SELECTION_DIALOG (calendar->font_dialog));
      if (font_name) 
	{
	  style = gtk_rc_style_new ();
	  pango_font_description_free (style->font_desc);
	  style->font_desc = pango_font_description_from_string (font_name);
	  gtk_widget_modify_style (calendar->window, style);
	  g_free (font_name);
	}
    }

  gtk_widget_destroy (calendar->font_dialog);
}

static void calendar_select_font( GtkWidget    *button,
                                  CalendarData *calendar )
{
  GtkWidget *window;

  if (!calendar->font_dialog) {
    window = gtk_font_selection_dialog_new ("Font Selection Dialog");
    g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_FONT_SELECTION_DIALOG (window));
    calendar->font_dialog = window;
    
    gtk_window_set_position (GTK_WINDOW (window), GTK_WIN_POS_MOUSE);
    
    g_signal_connect (window, "destroy",
		      G_CALLBACK (gtk_widget_destroyed),
		      &calendar->font_dialog);
    
    g_signal_connect (GTK_FONT_SELECTION_DIALOG (window)->ok_button,
		      "clicked", G_CALLBACK (calendar_font_selection_ok),
		      calendar);
    g_signal_connect_swapped (GTK_FONT_SELECTION_DIALOG (window)->cancel_button,
			     "clicked", G_CALLBACK (gtk_widget_destroy), 
			     calendar->font_dialog);
  }
  window = calendar->font_dialog;
  if (!GTK_WIDGET_VISIBLE (window))
    gtk_widget_show (window);
  else
    gtk_widget_destroy (window);

}

static void create_calendar( void )
{
  GtkWidget *window;
  GtkWidget *vbox, *vbox2, *vbox3;
  GtkWidget *hbox;
  GtkWidget *hbbox;
  GtkWidget *calendar;
  GtkWidget *toggle;
  GtkWidget *button;
  GtkWidget *frame;
  GtkWidget *separator;
  GtkWidget *label;
  GtkWidget *bbox;
  static CalendarData calendar_data;
  gint i;
  
  struct {
    char *label;
  } flags[] =
    {
      { "Show Heading" },
      { "Show Day Names" },
      { "No Month Change" },
      { "Show Week Numbers" },
      { "Week Start Monday" }
    };

  
  calendar_data.window = NULL;
  calendar_data.font_dialog = NULL;

  for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    calendar_data.settings[i] = 0;
  }

  window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
  gtk_window_set_title (GTK_WINDOW (window), "GtkCalendar Example");
  gtk_container_set_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 5);
  g_signal_connect (window, "destroy",
		    G_CALLBACK (gtk_main_quit),
		    NULL);
  g_signal_connect (window, "delete-event",
		    G_CALLBACK (gtk_false),
		    NULL);
  gtk_window_set_resizable (GTK_WINDOW (window), FALSE);

  vbox = gtk_vbox_new (FALSE, DEF_PAD);
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), vbox);

  /*
   * The top part of the window, Calendar, flags and fontsel.
   */

  hbox = gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, DEF_PAD);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox), hbox, TRUE, TRUE, DEF_PAD);
  hbbox = gtk_hbutton_box_new ();
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), hbbox, FALSE, FALSE, DEF_PAD);
  gtk_button_box_set_layout (GTK_BUTTON_BOX (hbbox), GTK_BUTTONBOX_SPREAD);
  gtk_box_set_spacing (GTK_BOX (hbbox), 5);

  /* Calendar widget */
  frame = gtk_frame_new ("Calendar");
  gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX (hbbox), frame, FALSE, TRUE, DEF_PAD);
  calendar=gtk_calendar_new ();
  calendar_data.window = calendar;
  calendar_set_flags (&calendar_data);
  gtk_calendar_mark_day (GTK_CALENDAR (calendar), 19);	
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (frame), calendar);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "month_changed", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_month_changed),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "day_selected", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_day_selected),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "day_selected_double_click", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_day_selected_double_click),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "prev_month", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_prev_month),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "next_month", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_next_month),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "prev_year", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_prev_year),
		    &calendar_data);
  g_signal_connect (calendar, "next_year", 
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_next_year),
		    &calendar_data);


  separator = gtk_vseparator_new ();
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), separator, FALSE, TRUE, 0);

  vbox2 = gtk_vbox_new (FALSE, DEF_PAD);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), vbox2, FALSE, FALSE, DEF_PAD);
  
  /* Build the Right frame with the flags in */ 

  frame = gtk_frame_new ("Flags");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox2), frame, TRUE, TRUE, DEF_PAD);
  vbox3 = gtk_vbox_new (TRUE, DEF_PAD_SMALL);
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (frame), vbox3);

  for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
    {
      toggle = gtk_check_button_new_with_label (flags[i].label);
      g_signal_connect (toggle,
			"toggled",
			G_CALLBACK (calendar_toggle_flag),
			&calendar_data);
      gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox3), toggle, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
      calendar_data.flag_checkboxes[i] = toggle;
    }
  /* Build the right font-button */ 
  button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("Font...");
  g_signal_connect (button,
		    "clicked",
		    G_CALLBACK (calendar_select_font),
		    &calendar_data);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox2), button, FALSE, FALSE, 0);

  /*
   *  Build the Signal-event part.
   */

  frame = gtk_frame_new ("Signal events");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox), frame, TRUE, TRUE, DEF_PAD);

  vbox2 = gtk_vbox_new (TRUE, DEF_PAD_SMALL);
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (frame), vbox2);
  
  hbox = gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 3);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox2), hbox, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  label = gtk_label_new ("Signal:");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), label, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  calendar_data.last_sig = gtk_label_new ("");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), calendar_data.last_sig, FALSE, TRUE, 0);

  hbox = gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 3);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox2), hbox, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  label = gtk_label_new ("Previous signal:");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), label, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  calendar_data.prev_sig = gtk_label_new ("");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), calendar_data.prev_sig, FALSE, TRUE, 0);

  hbox = gtk_hbox_new (FALSE, 3);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox2), hbox, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  label = gtk_label_new ("Second previous signal:");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), label, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
  calendar_data.prev2_sig = gtk_label_new ("");
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (hbox), calendar_data.prev2_sig, FALSE, TRUE, 0);

  bbox = gtk_hbutton_box_new ();
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (vbox), bbox, FALSE, FALSE, 0);
  gtk_button_box_set_layout (GTK_BUTTON_BOX (bbox), GTK_BUTTONBOX_END);

  button = gtk_button_new_with_label ("Close");
  g_signal_connect (button, "clicked", 
		    G_CALLBACK (gtk_main_quit), 
		    NULL);
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (bbox), button);
  GTK_WIDGET_SET_FLAGS (button, GTK_CAN_DEFAULT);
  gtk_widget_grab_default (button);

  gtk_widget_show_all (window);
}


int main (int   argc,
          char *argv[])
{
  gtk_init (&argc, &argv);

  create_calendar ();

  gtk_main ();

  return 0;
}